Cambodia General Information

Geography

Cambodia is a country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. Its approximate geographical coordinates are 13°N 105°E / 13°N 105°E. Its 2,572 km border is split among Vietnam (1,228 km), Thailand (803 km) and Laos (541 km), as well as 443 km of coastline. Cambodia covers 181,040 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. It lies completely within the tropics; its southernmost points are only slightly more than 10° above the equator. Roughly square in shape, the country is bounded on the north by Thailand and by Laos, on the east and southeast by Vietnam, and on the west by the Gulf of Thailand and by Thailand. Much of the country’s area consists of rolling plains. Dominant features are the large, almost centrally located, Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and the Mekong River, which traverses the country from north to south.

Topography

Cambodia falls within several well-defined geographic regions. The largest part of the country, about 75 percent, consists of the Tonle Sap Basin and the Mekong Lowlands. To the southeast of this great basin is the Mekong Delta, which extends through Vietnam to the South China Sea. The basin and delta regions are rimmed with mountain ranges to the southwest by the Cardamom Mountains and the Elephant Range and to the north by the Dangrek Mountains. Higher land to the northeast and to the east merges into the Central Highlands of southern Vietnam.

Climate

Two monsoons feature clearly Cambodia’s climate. From November to April, a north-eastern monsoon brings cool air but little rain, while a south-western monsoon, which occurs from May to October, causes heavy winds and rains. During the summer rainy season, rains are likely to take place in the late afternoon.

Capital: Phnom Pehn

Airports

Phnom Penh International Airport
Siem Reap International Airport

People

Cambodia is the most ethnically homogeneous nation in Southeast Asia. More than 95 percent of its 11 million citizens are ethnic Khmers. Chinese Cambodians form the largest minority group, followed by Cham Muslims. Remote mountain areas are home to a number of smaller ethnic groups.

Language in Cambodia

Khmer is the official language and spoken by 95% of the population. Chinese and Vietnamese are also spoken. French was widely spoken until the arrival of the Pol Pot regime and is still taught in schools. English is commonly spoken in Cambodia. It’s estimated that over 50% of the population are conversational in English, but travelers in rural areas may find in hard to communicate in smaller villages.

Currency

The official currency of Cambodia is the Riel however US dollars are widely accepted; in fact many businesses set their prices in US dollars. It is however wise to carry some riel around with you for small purchases.

Electricity

220 volts AC, 50Hz. Two-pin plugs are in use

Time Zone:  UTC+7

Religion:  Buddhist 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2%

Government & Politics

The signing of the Paris Peace Agreements in October 1991 launched Cambodia in a process of reconstruction after two decades of conflict and civil war. The process, which was backed by a United Nations presence until the first national elections in May 1993, facilitated the foundation of a constitutional monarchy with King Norodom Sihanouk as head of State, and led to the establishment of a power-sharing government.

Type:  Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy
Head of States: His Majesty Samdech Preah Baromneath Norodom Sihamoni (elected October 29, 2004)
Head of Government:   Prime Minister Hun Sen (appointed on January 14 1985, elected in 1998, 2003, and 2008) is in charge of overall execution of national policies and programs, and is accountable to the National Assembly.

Cambodia Working Hours

Government offices:  7:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Monday to Friday
Business offices:  08:00 a.m. to noon and 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Monday to Saturday
Shops:  8 a.m. to 8 p.m. 7 days a week
Banks:  8:00 a.m. to 3 p.m. Monday to Friday
Markets:  6:00 a.m. to 5 p.m. 7 days a week.

Currency

The official currency in Cambodia is the Riel which come in denominations of 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000, 50000 and 100000 notes. However, in the major towns and cities, US dollars can be freely spent though travelers are recommended to use smaller denomination notes as change may be difficult. Most places will refuse old, tatty or damaged US bills. Popular local and international currencies can be exchanged openly and freely.

Telephone/Fax/Internet   

Most hotels and the post office have international phone/fax. Overseas calls run $1.60-$3.00/minute. Domestic calls are 500-700 riel/minute from street side phone booths. Look for small glass booths marked ‘011, 012, 015, 016, 018’. Internet access at Internet cafes and shops is usually fast and relatively inexpensive, running as low as $0.50 – $1.50/hour. There are shops and cafés all over town. Prepaid PIC cards are available at Caltex stations.

General Post Office

Letter and package delivery. International phone/fax. Daily 6:30AM-9PM. On Street 13, a block east of Wat Phnom. Collectable stamps and a collection book are available in the lobbies of the post offices in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Telephone Companies / Internet Providers

 

Hello Axiata Company Limited

Mobile Phones: Prefix:  010, 015, 016, 069, 070, 081, 086, 087, 093, 098
Office at Phnom Penh Center 5th and 6th floors, corner of Sihanouk Blvd. (274) & Sothearos Blvd, Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Phnom Penh

Tel: +(855)(0)16-810001-3

Website: www.hello.com.kh

 

Latelz Co., Ltd (Smart Mobile)

Mobile Phones: Prefix: 010, 015, 016, 069, 070, 081, 086, 087, 093, 098
#464A, Monivong Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +(855)(0)10-200888
Website: www.smart.com.kh

Ministry of Post and Telecommunications

Landline telephones 

Prefix: 023
Corner St. 102 and Street 13, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +(855)(0)23-426510
Website: www.mptc.gov.kh

OnLine – AZ Communications Co., Ltd.

DSL, ADSL, WiMAX, Fiber Opic, Pre-paid cards, Hosting, Pre-paid cards.
#60, Monivong Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +(855)(0)23-727272

Tel: +(855)(0)81-727272

Website: www.online.com.kh

qb

Mobile Phones: Prefix: 013, 080, 083, 084
#1006B/1006C, Kampuchea Krom Blvd., Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +(855)(0)13-300300

Website: www.qbmore.com.kh